Bracera is a Croatian sailing cargo ship, whose hull is between 15 and 17 meters long, which appears already in the sixteenth century as a logical result of the evolution of the ship round, navis rotunda, an old cargo ship.
Even in the fifteenth century, some types of ships differed from the other ships of Brac in the Adriatic and brought the name of type and markings or Bracana.
In the sixteenth century there was next to the Adriatic bragagnu from Chioggia, the braganja Brac. At first our fishermen called her ćozota and the other was called brazzera by the Italian fishermen of Chioggia and Venice, from which of the name bracera today.
Not always has the same features of construction and narrowly defined purpose and is not exactly defined as the most recent bracera from the eighteenth century.
The term bracera is found in Kotor along up to the entire eastern Adriatic coast, across the lagoon of Venice to Ancona.
The first written record of this ship on the Croatian Adriatic comes from Venetian sources, brazier, 1556 and the first Croatian sources we learn that bore a similar name, bracijera in 1878. year.
There is no solid source of origin of her name. Researchers have come to different conclusions. Some of them thought that her name came from the island of Brac, where it would be born, while others named after the main propulsion system, or rowing, from brachium, braccio, the arm muscles. Others thought that she was named to the purpose of small sailing boats as the gallery, speronera, manzera etc.
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